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Octavio Paz, who searches for the identity of the Mexican people in his study entitled El . In section IV, “Los Hijos de la Malinche,” Paz explains how the word . Los Hijos de la Malinche Octavio Paz (Fragmento de “El Laberinto de la Soledad “). all Mexicans as hijos de puta (sons of raped women) or los Pachuco s and Key words: Identity, Mexico, Pachuco s, La Malinche, Octavio Paz, Gloria Anzaldúa.

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By means of it we recognize each other among strangers, and we use it every time the real conditions of our being rise to our lips. Finally, there is no especial veneration for God the Father in the Trinity. These vestiges and phantasms are real, at least to us.

ihjos Request permissions beyond the scope of this license here. This represents the way in which the Mexicans have inherited two distinct cultures, the Spanish and the Indigenous, but by denying one part of their identity, they become stuck in a world of solitude.

The Labyrinth of Solitude – Wikipedia

He is not the founder of a people; he is not a patriarch who exercises patria potestas; he is not a king or a judge or the chieftain of a clan. Para el mexicano la vida es una posibilidad de chingar o de ser chingado.

The Indian goddesses were goddesses of fecundity, linked to the cosmic rhythms, the vegetative processes and agrarian rites.

To escape from himself the servant must leap walls, get drunk, octavoi his condition. It is impossible not to notice the resemblance hijs the figure of the macho and that of the Spanish conquistador.

Translated by Lysander Kemp, et al. Cuando alguien ejecuta un acto desmesurado y contra las reglas, comentamos: The situation has changed: Hay un misterio mexicano como hay un misterio amarillo y uno negro. Our attitude toward life is not conditioned by historical events, at least not in the rigorous manner in which the velocity or trajectory of a missile is determined by a set of known factors.


Mystery is an occult force or efficacy that does not obey us, and we never know how or when it will manifest itself. The world of terrorism, like that of mass production, is a world of things, of utensils. Cuando salen, lo hacen brusca, brutalmente, en forma de alarido, de reto, de ofensa.

He must live alone, without witnesses. Es un verbo agresivo, como puede verse por todas estas significaciones: And, at the same time, as a search, a desire to transcend this state of exile. Thus any purely historical explanation is insufficient That is why the feeling of orphanhood is the constant background of our political endeavors and our personal conflicts. History, which could not tell us anything about the nature of our feelings and conflicts, can now show us how that break came about and how we have attempted to transcend our solitude.

But while the Spaniards enjoy using blasphemy and scatology, we specialize in cruelty and sadism. We still suffer from that wound. Pero todos coinciden en hacerse de nosotros maoinche imagen ambigua, cuando no contradictoria: Their reality is of a subtle and cruel order, because it is a phantasmagoric reality. Another element enters pazz, an analogy that maker this history a true poem in search of fulfillment: As for the fiestas, they express a sense of communality, crucially emphasizing the idea of not being alone and in doing so, help to bring out the true Mexican that is usually hidden behind a mask of self-denial.

This explains the success of pqz contemptuous adjective malinchista recently put into circulation by the newspapers to denounce all those who have been corrupted by foreign influences. The Indian goddesses were goddesses of fecundity, linked to the cosmic rhythms, the vegetative processes and agrarian rites.



She embodies the open, the octqvioto our closed, stoic, impassive Indians. Mas una diferencia radical nos separa. When we shout it out, we break a veil of silence, modesty or hypocrisy. In this chapter, Octavio Paz discusses the fact that machismo is an offshoot of Mexican historical patterns.

On the contrary, it binds him to them. In Mexico the word has innumerable meanings.

In Guatemala and El Salvador chingaste means the residue or dregs that remain in a glass. It has as many shadings as it has intonations, as many meanings as it has emotions. Each letter and syllable has a double life, at once luminous and obscure, that reveals and hides uijos. Los adolescentes, cuando quieren presumir de hombres, las pronuncian con voz ronca.

If we compare this expression with the Spanish hijo de puta son of a whorethe difference is immediately obvious. Nonfiction, Octavio Paz See: He is a humorist.

Frente a ellos el mexicano es singularmente pulcro. Capitalism deprives him of his human nature this does not happen to the servant by reducing him to an element in the work process, i. Her taint is constitutional and resides, as we said earlier, in her sex. This conception of social life as combat fatally divides society into the strong and the weak.