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Cross-Cultural Themes Series. Author, Peter T. Furst. Edition, illustrated, reprint. Publisher, Chandler & Sharp, ISBN, , Hallucinogens and Culture has 34 ratings and 1 review. Blair said: A guy who works at Loui’s gave me this book when he saw I was reading Terence McKenna . HALLUCINOGENS AND CULTURE by PETER T. FURST. San. Francisco: Chandler & Sharp Publishers, Inc., pp. $ Reviewed by William.

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Hallucinogens and Culture (Chandler & Sharp series in cross-cultural themes)

MDA has recently proved to be toxic to certain individuals and at varying dose levels; as is true of chloroform, among other drugs, what may be a regular dose to most patients may prove fatal to some. ADLintel 25 from the ceremonial center of Yaxchilan in the Usumacinta region of Chiapas, depicts a richly attired kneeling woman in the act of drawing through her tongue a twisted cord, set with large sharp thorns.

This technique of gradual nicotine intoxication was aboriginally so widespread, from the Northwest Coast of North America through California deep into Amazonia, that it must surely rank among the earliest methods.

But there is some significant new information on the genus Cannabis that has not been widely disseminated. Fernandez, who studied its role in the Bwiti and MBieri cults culgure the Fang of Gabon in the larger context of reformist and nativistic African religious movements. Each distribution of yaje is formally introduced by the hallucinlgens of a decorated clay trumpet.

Hallucinogens and Culture – Peter T. Furst – Google Books

Weil may well be correct; certainly he makes a persuasive cross-cultural case that the desire for temporary states of altered consciousness is embedded in the neurophysiological structure of the brain rather than in social conditioning. Navaho pipes are dried for four days, either inside the hogan or in the crotch of a tree.

One is Alchornea floribunda, called alan. The massive initiatory dose is very much greater, from forty to sixty times the threshold dose, when the effects make themselves felt. Again— the manner in which on the peyote hunt hallucinogwns first peyote— the flesh of the slain deer god— is divided and distributed to his companions by the officiating shaman cannot but recall the Eucharistic “Take, eat, this is my body.

In other words, whatever their level of technological complexity, these first Americans moved in and interacted reciprocally with an ideational universe no less than the physical one, presumably with no more of a sharp dividing line between these two essential planes than one finds today in surviving hunting cultures and other traditional systems.

Indeed, a magnificent relief carved on another monument. We will have occasion to refer to this particular Aztec phenomenon cutlure in another chapter.


This is not to advocate heroin over alcohol, certainly, nor to minimize the tragedy which heroin addiction represents for so many individuals and their families, but only to underscore that in disregard of everything we know of alcohol as a dangerous drug, “getting high” with it carries but a fraction of the hallucinogehs and legal stigma we as a society attach to other mind-altering substances.

The Spaniards, of course, hallucinogenz this combination as clever deceit; which in a way it was— in defense of the integrity of the traditional culture; on the other hand, such synthesis of Christian with pre-Conquest belief and ritual was an expectable consequence of culture contact and acculturation.

The ways in which and the purposes for which haolucinogens “primitive” or traditional societies and those of industrialized nations employ chemicals capable of triggering alternate states of consciousness are cultur very different, as are the attitudes with which such drugs and their effects are viewed.

Still another would be R. Some shamans may also have used mirrors of pyrite, obsidian, and other materials to place themselves into trances, as some Indian shamans in Mexico still do. Cannabis actually had a wide variety of medical uses in the United States between and ; it was listed as a recognized medicinal drug in the United States Pharmacopoeia until and is still so included in its British counterpart.

It extends toward the origin of what Jung called “archetypes,” mythmaking and common worldwide themes in oral tradition especially the strikingly similar content the world over of funerary, heroic, and shamanistic mythologyart and iconography, traditional cultural systems of perceiving and ordering reality that differ drastically from the so-called “scientific” western model, conceptions of Otherworlds, death and afterlife, mysticism, and, indeed, what we call religion itself.

Mitch rated it it was amazing Nov 10, Less well-known perhaps is the fact that in large doses nutmeg acts on the central nervous system as an hallucinogenic intoxicant, though, let it be said at once, with bizarre physical and mental symptoms and with such distinctly unpleasant after-effects as extreme nausea, headache, dizziness, and dryness of the nose and throat. But we can hardly ignore it in the present context, not so much because as used by us today it is potentially one of the most physiologically damaging substances known, but rather because in much of the traditional Indian world tobacco was and still is considered to be the special gift of the gods to humanity, given to assist mankind in bridging the gulf between “this” world and “the other”— the world of the gods themselves.

Hence we have in the eating of eboka a eucharistic fkrst with similarities to Christian communion. For the moment let it be said only that the way the Indians use B. With that collapse, the purpose of the ordeal— which took place in connection with the great Hallucinogfns Dance festival at the end of the summer bison hunt— was accomplished.


Yet another is hemp Cannabis sp. The evidence, archaeological and otherwise, is such that we can say with certainty that most societies, if not all, that still employ hallucinogenic plants in their rituals have done so for centuries, not to say millennia. And Nutmeg Derivatives 33 4. With the concept of transformation so prominent in these traditional systems, it is easy to see why plants capable of radically altering consciousness would have come to stand at the very center of ideology.

Spruce in collected and named the first specimens of Banisteriopsis caapi, which he halludinogens as the source of the intoxicating drink of Upper Amazonian Indians. It is a drink which has inebriating effects.

There is an abundance of radiocarbon dates from Paleo- Indian occupation sites in North and South America that lie somewhere between these extremes. Known as teotlacualli, food of god or divine food, it included “poisonous beasts, such as spiders, scorpions, centipedes, lizards, vipers, and others,” which were caught for the priests by young boys and kept by them in large numbers in the priestly school: One would be the discovery in that same year that a cult of divine cultjre mushrooms had survived among Mexican Indians, and the rediscovery and hallucinognes investigation of that cult in the mid’s.

Hallucinogens and Culture by Peter T. Furst

To ask other readers questions about Hallucinogens and Cultureplease sign up. At the center of shamanistic religion stands the personality of the shaman and the ecstatic experience that is uniquely his, in his crucial role as diviner, furdt, magician, poet, singer, artist, prophet of game and weather, keeper of the traditions, and healer of bodily and spiritual ills. He thought how to help him.

The “single medical finding of interest,” writes former Pennsylvania Governor Raymond P. Hallucinogenic Snuffs And Animal Symbolism Moreover, there is an intriguing legal aspect: The Huichol of Mexico, like the Cahuilla of Southern California or the Tukano of Colombia, returns from his initiatory “trip” to exclaim, “It is as my fathers explained it to me!

Chemical systems active in the human brain, then, are now known to be close kin to growth-promoting substances in plants, including several that are powerfully psychoactive, a discovery of no mean evolutionary as well anv pharmacological implications. The “Diabolic Root” 97 II.