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STYLISTIC FOREGROUNDING. Definitions and concepts. • Foreground is a term usually used in art, having opposite meaning to background. • It’s a very. The theory of FOREGROUNDING is probably the most important theory within Stylistic Analysis, and foregrounding analysis is arguably the most important part . Foregrounding • Shklovsky saw defamiliarization as accompanied by feeling: stylistic devices in literary texts “emphasize the emotional effect of.

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They have the same overall grammatical structure grammatical parallelism and some of the words are repeated in identical syntactic locations. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Ling , Topic 3 (session A)

In the following poem by E. In addition, there is secondary deviation in that the penultimate line is unexpectedly different from the rest of the poem.

The other words are black but they are multi colour ed. Views Read Edit View history.

They often consist of three parts or characters. Foregrounding is the practice of making something stand out from the surrounding words or images. Foregrounding can occur on all levels of language [8] phonologygraphologymorphologylexissyntaxsemantics and pragmatics.

The other words are in lower case, but they are capitalised. Firstly, most of the poem deviates from ‘normal’ language primary deviation.


Note that lots of the things we explored in terms of special meanings and effects in the analysis of particular texts and textual extracts in Topics 1 and 2 can be re-cast in terms of deviation, parallelism and foregrounding.

The first two are very similar parallelism and the third one starts out as similar, but our expectations are thwarted when it turns out different in end deviation.

There are two main types of foregrounding: So, for example, if you look at the last three sentences of the previous paragraph you should feel that they are parallel to one another.

The words ‘ foreground ‘ and ‘ foregrounding ‘ are themselves foregrounded in the previous paragraph. This context can be relatively narrow, such as the immediate textual surroundings referred to as a ‘secondary norm’ [5] or wider such as an entire genre referred to as a ‘primary norm’ [6]. Parallelism can be described as unexpected regularity, while deviation can be seen as unexpected irregularity.

Foregrounding – Wikipedia

To sum up, we can say that: Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June The Prague School and Theories of Structure p. This page was last edited on 6 Novemberat Cummings[7] there are two types of deviation:. Cummings[7] there are two types of deviation: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Nursery rhymesadverts and slogans often exhibit parallelism in the form of repetition and rhymebut parallelism can also occur over longer texts. You may find it helpful, after you have found out more about these topics, to revisit those earlier parts of this website and think about them in terms of foregrounding theory.


They stand out perceptually as a consequence of the fact that they DEVIATE graphologically from the text which surrounds them in a number of ways. Retrieved from ” https: Something can only be unexpectedly regular or irregular within a sgylistics context.

Foregrounding, Deviation and Parallelism

The most common way of foregroounding this extra patterning is by repeating linguistic structures more often than we would normally expect to make parts of texts PARALLEL with one another. This would be an example of a deviation from a secondary norm. Another way is to introduce extra linguistic patterning into a text. The other words are visually stable but they are irregular. For example, jokes foregroundijg often built on a mixture of parallelism and deviation.

For example, the last line of a poem with a consistent metre may be foregrounded by changing the number of syllables it contains. One way to produce foregrounding in a text, then, is through linguistic deviation.